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They are oval or almond-shaped. The ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone. These two hormones affect many of the female characteristics and reproductive functions. The male's testes are egg-shaped organs that hang in a pouch of skin called the scrotum outside the male body.Testosterone is produced.
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The 11'th Endocrine gland is the THYMUS GLAND: a lymphoid organ situated in the neck of vertebrates that produces T cells for the immune system. The human thymus becomes much smaller at the approach of puberty, located behind your sternum and between your lungs. on quiz.
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Thyroid(1)-Parathyroids(4)...Calcitonin is released by the thyroid gland if the amount of calcium in the bloodstream is high.Calcitonin decreases the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. ... Calcitonin works withparathyroid hormone to regulate calcium levels.Paratyroid Hormone raises the level of Calcitonin: Know this for quiz...

Adrenal Glands: superior to kidneys-inner medulla secretes epinephrine and outer cortex secretes steroids.on quiz.
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***We are getting even more rigorous with high level content, formative and summative assessments...I recommend you increase your studying or change your study habits to be successful in this class.This web page is mandatory, with your notes and textbook for your success-Tutoring by appt every morning and some afternoons.Students are held accountable.
Cell phones are Never allowed in my room and will be issued a referral-as well as writing on class desks and talking without permission! Rules are meant to be followed...
***Goiter: an Iodine(I) deficiency of the Thyroid...that is why there are 2 kinds of salt(NaCl)...Iodized and not the label and see what you have...

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***Below is video link from today and video notes sheet for absentees...
probable pop quiz tomorrow...
*The master gland of the master gland = controls the master Pituitary gland, so in essence, the Hypothalamus then controls all glands.
Katz Endocrine System Video Notes.docx Katz Endocrine System Video Notes.docx
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Type : docx
In general, people with diabetes either have a total lack of insulin (type 1 diabetes) or they have too little insulin or cannot use insulin effectively (type 2 diabetes).
Hyperglycemia: high blood sugar...
Hypoglycemia: low blood sugar...

Common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Increased urination (sometimes as often as every hour)
  • Unexpected weight loss.
  • Fatigue or tiredness.
  • Nausea, perhaps vomiting.
  • Blurred vision.
  • In women, frequent vaginal infections.
  • In men and women, yeast infections (thrush)
  • Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. In fact, you can have type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. Look for:

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination. Excess sugar building up in your bloodstream causes fluid to be pulled from the tissues. This may leave you thirsty. As a result, you may drink — and urinate — more than usual.
  • Increased hunger. Without enough insulin to move sugar into your cells, your muscles and organs become depleted of energy. This triggers intense hunger.
  • Weight loss. Despite eating more than usual to relieve hunger, you may lose weight. Without the ability to metabolize glucose, the body uses alternative fuels stored in muscle and fat. Calories are lost as excess glucose is released in the urine.
  • Fatigue. If your cells are deprived of sugar, you may become tired and irritable.
  • Blurred vision. If your blood sugar is too high, fluid may be pulled from the lenses of your eyes. This may affect your ability to focus.
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. Type 2 diabetes affects your ability to heal and resist infections.
  • Areas of darkened skin. Some people with type 2 diabetes have patches of dark, velvety skin in the folds and creases of their bodies — usually in the armpits and neck. This condition, called acanthosis nigricans, may be a sign of insulin resistance.
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