Welcome to Ch. 6-The Nervous System...
Monday-112/9...GO TO CH 7...THE SENSES...
Friday-12/7...CW: Ch 6 Nervous system Summative test...33 Q  = 100 pts...Last test before Midterm...Remember class policy: Last 2 weeks before Midterms and Finals allows ZERO remediation...You have chances ALL year to do 'extra' podcasts, remediation, etc...Never wait until it's too late...Don't Procrastinate...
***Remember Dr. P...You can't change what you don't acknowledge...Learn from your mistakes and move forward!
HW: Those doing Science Fair must have portfolio and display board in my room BEFORE midterms for any credit!
Read Ch 7.2-The Ears...That will be the end on your Midterm...

Wednesday-12/4...CW: Spine(Vertebral Column) review...
C...7
T...12
L...5
S...5(unfused to 1)
C...4(unfused to 1).....
***Total vertebrae = 33 unfused.
***Spinal Nerves = 31 pairs( there are 8 pairs of cervical nerves because the 8th on exits above T1...Know This!!!
Short video after pop quiz...
HW: Always stay ahead-Read ch 12-5 and keep up with webpage...
***Spinal Cord Nerves Below!

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***Nervous disorders
Image result for parkinsons

Image result for alzheimers vs dementia

Image result for alzheimers vs dementia

***Epilepsy: a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
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Thursday-12/5...CW: Ch 6.5...Nervous disorders...last half of class to study groups for Summative test on Friday...
HW: Study the entire chapter of Nervous system, notes and webpage...We always increase rigor in Anatomy as we combine body systems...

FOR FRIDAY SUMMATIVE CH 6 TEST:
1.Know Divisions of Nervous  System
2. Know structures of Neurons
3. Brain and Spinal Cord
4. Meninges
5. Know Reflex arcs
6. Know Cranial/Spinal Nerves
7. Roman Numerals
***Always know Vocab spelling and definition!


***Purpose of Study Groups:
***To make a difference:
Anatomy & Physiology are the fundamental building blocks of medical practice. Without a deep understanding of the internal body, health professionals cannot truly evaluate, diagnose and treat illnesses.
My 10 Study Tips for Anatomy and Physiology Students
  1. Write down important stuff in your own words. This is a simple idea that far too few students practice regularly. ...
  2. Gain better knowledge through mnemonics. ..
  3. Discover your learning style. ...
  4. Get a grip on Greek and Latin. ...
  5. Connect with concepts. ...
  6. Form a study group. ...
  7. Outline what's to come. ...
  8. Put in time to practice.
***There are a number of ways to train your brain to memorize things faster and optimize learning.
  1. Exercise to clear your head. ...
  2. Write down what needs to be memorized over and over. ...
  3. Do yoga. ...or cook with Katman
  4. Study or practice in the afternoon. ...
  5. Relate new things to what you already know. ...
  6. Stay away from multitasking.
Monday-12/2...CW: Anatomy of the Brain...
7 school days + 3 Midterm review days...Then 3 half days with Midterm exams...Midterm is 10% of Semester grade!!

New Vocabulary:
1. Proprioception: body's '6th sense'...awareness of your body to its' space and surroundings...Cerebellum = balance
2. Meninges: Membranes lining and enclosing brain and spinal cord...
3. CSF: Cerebrospinal Fluid...in SubArachnoid space-nourishes the brain...
4. Craniotomy: cutting out part of cranium enclosing brain


The limbic system is a complex set of structures that lies on both sides of the thalamus, just under the cerebrum. It includes the hypothalamus, the hippocampus, the amygdala, and several other nearby areas.Image result for limbic system

The amygdala (Latin, corpus amygdaloideum) is an almond-shape set of neurons located deep in the brain's medial temporal lobe. Shown to play a key role in the processsing of emotions, the amygdala forms part of the limbic system.
Image result for forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain


***Memorize 2 Sulci: Sylvian (Lateral), and  Central Sulcus
***Fissures are Deeper grooves than sulci-Memorize 2: Transverse fissure and Longitudinal Fissure
Image result for brain fissures

***The Meninges: 3 membranes lining your Brain and Spine!
**Meninges video from today: https://youtu.be/8-XVv5pv7Ss

***Meninges are 3 membranes that cover and surround the brain and spinal cord. mnemonic D-A-P
Meninges...
the three membranes (the dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater) that line the skull and vertebral canal and enclose the brain and spinal cord.
FOR QUIZ:
Dura Mater-outermost
Arachnoid Mater-middle
Pia Mater-innermost
Subarachnoid space...this is where CSF: Cerebrospinal fluid which is a 'shock absorber' of the brain
***Epidural-for pregnancy injected anesthesia into Dura Mater of Lumbar vertebrae...

Image result for meninges\
Frontal Lobotomy...
a neurosurgical operation that involves severing connections in the brain's prefrontal lobe.  Lobotomies have always been controversial, but were widely performed for more than two decades as treatment for schizophrenia, manic depression and bipolar disorder, among other mental illnesses
Lobotomy, brain, lobes, frontal lobe

Tuesday-12/3...CW: The Cranial nerves...12 pairs to memorize!
HW: Always stay ahead...we are toward the semester end and staying ahead is most important...Follow with text readings...
Cranial Nerves:text p. 216-219.

Video from today...https://youtu.be/FtJtYMRVw7A
Cranial nerves song...https://youtu.be/0lbwshg_Kj4

Cranial Nerves-12 pairs...
Roman numerals review: I = 1, V = 5, X = 10,L = 50, C = 100, D = 500, M = 1000
***An I before a V or X = 1 less than the V or X, ex. IV = 4, IX = 9
***An I after a V or X = 1 more than the V or X, ex, VI = 6, XII = 12
XL = 40, LX = 60, MCMLXXIV = ????
***Test your knowledge by clicking the link below!
https://www.getbodysmart.com/nerves/cranial-nerves

Cranial Nerve:

      

Major Functions:

I Olfactory

      

smell

II Optic

      

vision

III Oculomotor

      

eyelid and eyeball movement

IV Trochlear

      

innervates superior oblique
turns eye downward and laterally

V Trigeminal

      

chewing 
face & mouth touch & pain

VI Abducens

      

turns eye laterally

VII Facial

      

controls most facial expressions 
secretion of tears & saliva
taste

VIII Vestibulocochlear
(auditory)

      

hearing 
equillibrium sensation

IX Glossopharyngeal

      

taste 
senses carotid blood pressure

X Vagus

      

senses aortic blood pressure 
slows heart rate 
stimulates digestive organs
taste

XI Spinal Accessory

      

controls trapezius & sternocleidomastoid
controls swallowing movements

XII Hypoglossal

      

controls tongue movements



***Most ANTERIOR nerve is the 1st one in front...Olfactory
***Opthalmic pertains to eyes which affects forehead-Quiz hint...



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The Brain Video Notes.docx The Brain Video Notes.docx
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Thursday-11/21...CW
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Reaction Time Line Graphs due of all Group's times...
The Brain...
Ch 6.3...CNS anatomy...The Brain...
***The Brain video notes with video link is above...
**&*3 Major parts: Cerebrum-Cerebellum-Brainstem...
HW: Ch 6 Formative quiz 2...
***All students are accountable to stay ahead of each lesson as quizzes may arise at any moment...If absent, Work is due the day you return...
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Friday-11/22...CW: Ch 6 quiz...Except the designated classes instructed...
HW: Sc Fair Info is New and on my Sc Fair tab...No Research Paper is required but a Portfolio(binder) is comprised of all steps on Display board...Always review and keep updated with webpage...
Have a happy and safe Thanksgiving...
Image result for brain lobes animated gif

Image result for brain lobes  animated gif


***Short term memory-Parietal lobe
***Long term memory-Frontal Lobe
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Reflex_and_Reaction_Time_Lab.doc Reflex_and_Reaction_Time_Lab.doc
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copy_of_reaction_time_conversion_table.pdf copy_of_reaction_time_conversion_table.pdf
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Wednesday- 11/20..CW.Reflex and Reaction Time Lab...Lab instructions for tomorrow are above...You WILL NOT perform the lab if you are not prepared or tardy...
Read the lab above  and be ready to complete all 3 parts in 1 class period...Always turn in work in my box before you leave...Graphs due tomorrow...
***Create a Graph is an easy free tool to help with your graph...They must be neat! Always label with a title and the axis(X and Y) must be labeled...
Groups of 3 and 1 Lab sheet completed per group...
HW: Do a Line Graph with ALL the Group members Reaction Times(3 Line Graphs on 1 graph)
Read Ch 6.2 and always check webpage daily...
Monday-11/18...CW: Make-up tests...
***Intro to the Nervous System...
HW: Define all 20 terms below and plan for a pop quiz on ch 6...
Ch 6...Nervous System Vocabulary

1. Afferent nerves
2. Autonomic Nervous system(ANS)
3. Axons
4. Cell body(soma)
5. Central nervous system(CNS)
6. Dendrites
7. Effector
8. Efferent nerves
9. Myelin sheath
10. Neuroglial cell
11. Neuron
12. Neurotransmitter
13. Nodes of Ranvier
14. Parasympathetic Nervous system(PNS)
15. Peripheral nervous system(PNS)
16. Reflex arc
17. Schwann cell
18. Somatic Nervous system(SNS)
19. Sympathetic nervous system(SNS)
20. Synapse

***Memorize Roman Numerals...Can you write your birthdate year in Roman numerals...Mine is:MCMLV
***IV = 4, VI = 6-add or subtract 1...IX = 9, XI =11...LI = 51, XLIX = 49...DO YOU GET IT?
Image result for roman numerals
Image result for roman numerals






Main types of Reflex Hammers:
Main class use: far right is Taylor hammer(most popular)
                                                   Babinski hammer-toe reflex
                                                   4th from right-Pinwheel-for nerve sensitivity 
Image result for types of reflex hammers
Tuesday-11/19...CW: What is a Neuron...Nerve cell assisted glial cells...
***Neurons = nerve cells...Protected by NEUROGLIAL cells( supportive structure cells)...
***Cell body = Soma( from Somatic)
3 Types of neurons: QUIZ: KNOW
1. Unipolar-brain and spine
2. Bipolar-senses-ears and eyes
3. Multipolar-most common-brain and spine
***Interneurons(inter = between)...relay message from afferent sensory to efferent motor neurons...

***Watch the reaction time video for tomorrow...we will use a conversion sheet ...
https://youtu.be/81lPJtAp5Sc
***Reaction time involves a very complicated physics formula...I included a conversion table that computed the math to save time on Wednesday...
***Each lab group of 3 works professionally and turns in 1 completed ws completely filled out for grade...
Labs may not be made up for absentees unless with teacher permission at appointed time...
Wednesday for students who wish to be 1 step ahead-shorter periods on Wed.

HWWatch all the reflex videos and reaction time for tomorrow's lab...

https://youtu.be/kOq5Np0eZ6A


Label the neuron...

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Image result for 2 axons and a synapse

Image result for 2 axons and a synapse


Reflex Arc...Know for Quiz...
Key Vocab of Reflex Arc...
***1. Afferent Neuron(Sensory to brain and/or spine)
***2. Efferent Neuron(Motor to muscle or gland)
***3. Effector = the muscle involved 
***4. Interneuron-joins sensory and motor neuron
***5. Stimulus causes Response(or reaction)

Know for quiz: 
***Remember Afferent Sensory neurons go away from the affected body part, and Efferent Motor  neurons go to the Effector, normally a muscle or gland. 
***The bottom structure is a cut away view of the spinal cord as 
Image result for label the reflex arc

(a) Name the parts labelled A, B, C, D and E
(b) Write the functions of B and E
(a) A - receptor
B - sensory neuron / nerve
C - relay neuron / interneuron
D - motor neuron / nerve
E - effector
(b) B - Carries impulse from receptor to spinal
cord ‘Az
E - Responds to stimulus

***High Level: Can you NOT have a patellar Knee reflex??
 the knee-jerk reflex is what's known as a mono-synaptic response. The impulse only has to jump from one nerve to another once. ... If there is no response to the knee tap, it indicates nerve damage that needs to be dealt with. Continual jerks after the tap can indicate cerebellar disease.The Quadriceps contracts while the hamstrings relax(antagonists)
reflex.jpg


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Image result for types of  neuron
Reflex_and_Reaction_Time_Lab.doc Reflex_and_Reaction_Time_Lab.doc
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Cranial Nerves:text p. 216-219.

Video from today...https://youtu.be/FtJtYMRVw7A


**Meninges video from today: https://youtu.be/8-XVv5pv7Ss

***Meninges are 3 membranes that cover and surround the brain and spinal cord. mnemonic D-A-P
Meninges...
the three membranes (the dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater) that line the skull and vertebral canal and enclose the brain and spinal cord.
FOR QUIZ:
Dura Mater-outermost
Arachnoid Mater-middle
Pia Mater-innermost
Subarachnoid space...this is where CSF: Cerebrospinal fluid which is a 'shock absorber' of the brain
***Epidural-for pregnancy injected anesthesia into Dura Mater of Lumbar vertebrae...


***Watch the reaction time video for tomorrow...we will use a conversion sheet ...
https://youtu.be/81lPJtAp5Sc
***Reaction time involves a very complicated physics formula...I included a conversion table that computed the math to save time on Wednesday...
***Each lab group of 3 works professionally and turns in 1 completed ws completely filled out for grade...
Labs may not be made up for absentees unless with teacher permission at appointed time...
Wednesday for students who wish to be 1 step ahead-shorter periods on Wed.



Image result for meninges

Image result for meninges











MEMORIZE

***Broca's area is the motor speech area and it helps in movements required to produce speech. ... This is called Broca's aphasia. Wernicke's area, which is located in the parietal and temporal lobe, is the sensory area. It helps in understanding speech and using the correct words to express our thoughts.
Aphasialoss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage.
***Telencephalon:Forebrain: cerebral cortex
***Diencephalon: Forebrain:Limbic system(Thalamus/Hypothalamus
***Mesencephalon: Midbrain: Brainstem combined with      Hindbrain:Brainstem
***Metencephalon/Myelencephalon: Hindbrain: Brainstem

***Gyrus: Gyri pl...ridges or convalutions
***Sulcus: Sulci pl...shallow grooves
***Fissures: deep grooves: Longitudinal
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***Research is the topic you are investigating-the subject of your experiment...it is ALWAYS included with Science Fair Project for judging...
***Class Research Topics for Sc Fair:
Pd 1: Flatulence( intestinal gas)
Pd 2: Afterimages
Pd 3-4-5: Reflexes( and reaction Time)
***Paper is due in class no later than Tuesday, 11/13...
***If you will be absent, then plan ahead and complete it over the weekend-DON'T PROCRASTINATE! Things always come up when you least expect them-like illness, family, etc.

***The criteria for Research Paper is on the Science fair tab...





MEMORIZE
***Telencephalon:Forebrain: cerebral cortex
***Diencephalon: Forebrain:Limbic system(Thalamus/Hypothalamus
***Mesencephalon: Midbrain: Brainstem combined with      Hindbrain:Brainstem
***Metencephalon/Myelencephalon: Hindbrain: Brainstem

***Gyrus: Gyri pl...ridges or convolutions
***Sulcus: Sulci pl...shallow grooves
***Fissures: deep grooves: Longitudinal
Image result for cerebrum